NAME
Date::ISO8601 - the three ISO 8601 numerical calendars
DESCRIPTION
The international standard ISO 8601 "Data elements and interchange formats
- Information interchange - Representation of dates and times" defines
three distinct calendars by which days can be labelled. It also defines
textual formats for the representation of dates in these calendars.
This module provides functions to convert dates between these three
calendars and Chronological Julian Day Numbers, which is a suitable
format to do arithmetic with. It also supplies functions that describe
the shape of these calendars, to assist in calendrical calculations.
It also supplies functions to represent dates textually in the ISO
8601 formats. ISO 8601 also covers time of day and time periods, but
this module does nothing relating to those parts of the standard; this
is only about labelling days.
The first ISO 8601 calendar divides time up into years, months, and days.
It corresponds exactly to the Gregorian calendar, invented by Aloysius
Lilius and promulgated by Pope Gregory XIII in the late sixteenth century,
with AD (CE) year numbering. This calendar is applied to all time,
not just to dates after its invention nor just to years 1 and later.
Thus for ancient dates it is the proleptic Gregorian calendar with
astronomical year numbering.
The second ISO 8601 calendar divides time up into the same years as
the first, but divides the year directly into days, with no months.
It calls this "ordinal dates". It is commonly referred to as "Julian
dates", a mistake apparently deriving from true Julian Day Numbers,
which divide time up solely into linearly counted days.
The third ISO 8601 calendar divides time up into years, weeks, and days.
The years approximate the years of the first two calendars, so they stay
in step in the long term, but the boundaries differ. This week-based
calendar is sometimes called "the ISO calendar", apparently in the belief
that ISO 8601 does not define any other. It is also referred to as
"business dates", because it is most used by certain businesses to whom
the week is the most important temporal cycle.
The Chronological Julian Day Number is an integral number labelling each
day, where the day extends from midnight to midnight in whatever time zone
is of interest. It is a linear count of days, where each day's number
is one greater than the previous day's number. It is directly related to
the Julian Date system: in the time zone of the prime meridian, the CJDN
equals the JD at noon. By way of epoch, the day on which the Convention
of the Metre was signed, which ISO 8601 defines to be 1875-05-20 (and
1875-140 and 1875-W20-4), is CJDN 2406029.
This module places no limit on the range of dates to which it may be
applied. All function arguments are permitted to be "Math::BigInt" or
"Math::BigRat" objects in order to achieve arbitrary range. Native Perl
integers are also permitted, as a convenience when the range of dates
being handled is known to be sufficiently small.
INSTALLATION
perl Makefile.PL
make
make test
make install
AUTHOR
Andrew Main (Zefram)
COPYRIGHT
Copyright (C) 2006 Andrew Main (Zefram)
This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.